Prefer exploring on two wheels? Then this guided e-bike tour comes highly recommended.
Want to skip the details for now? Watch the summary video first:
- 12 fun things to do in Luxembourg City
- 1. Grand Ducal Palace
- 2. Statue of William II
- 3. Luxembourg City Hall
- 4. Lunch and sweets at the Chocolate House
- 5. The parliament
- 6. Gëlle Fra Memorial
- 7. The Bock casemates
- 8. Chemin de la Corniche
- 9. Birthplace of Luxembourg
- 10. Statue of the Grand Duchess Charlotte
- 11. Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin
- 12. Mudam – Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean
- What to do in Luxembourg city: event calendar
- Practical information on Luxembourg City
- How to get to Luxembourg City
- How to get around Luxembourg City
- Where to stay in Luxembourg city
- The Novotel Luxembourg Kirchberg The first time, I stayed at the Novotel Luxembourg Kirchberg in the European business district, close to the Mudam but a 40-minute walk from the old city center. We had a large room equipped with everything we needed. Read reviews on TripAdvisor / Book a room The Park Inn by Radisson Luxembourg City
- Don't forget travel insurance
- Stay connected while visiting Luxembourg
12 fun things to do in Luxembourg City
1. Grand Ducal Palace
The Grand Ducal Palace is still being used by the Grand Duke of Luxembourg as his residency. It's also his “office”, as it's where he performs most of his duties as a head of state. The Palace opens its doors to visitors daily from mid-July until the beginning of September, but the only way to see it is with a guided tour.
2. Statue of William II
William II of Orange-Nassau ruled Luxembourg from 1840 to 1849. He gave the country its first parliamentary constitution. You can find the statue on Place Guillaume II, the square also named after William II.
What's interesting about it is that it wasn't made by one sculptor, but by two: Antonin Mercié made the figure of William II while Victor Peter made the figure of the horse.
3. Luxembourg City Hall
At Place Guillaume II, you can also find another sight: the hôtel de ville or city hall. This neoclassical building was only completed in 1838. Before that, there was a monastery at the Place Guillaume II and city hall was actually housed in what is now the Grand Ducal Palace.
But this only until 1795, when the French invaded and a central government was established from the palace. So there was actually no official city hall for over three decades as the headquarters of the city just kept being moved around during that time.
4. Lunch and sweets at the Chocolate House
The Chocolate House is located right by the Grand Ducal Palace on rue du Marché-aux-Herbes, but you won't pay any attention to that when you see the menu. It's unbelievable how many kinds of chocolate dishes and especially drinks you can get here. And the regular lunch isn't too bad either.
I had a lovely quiche which was just the right size to leave me some space for a dessert afterward.
The Chocolate House is also famous for its cakes so we all had a slice for dessert. The portions were huge, my slice of tiramisu cake was almost as big as my hand!
I'm not the only one who loved the Chocolate house, Jen of Luxe Adventure Traveler mentions it too in her post about food and wine in Luxembourg!
5. The parliament
The parliament of Luxembourg is one of the major things to see in Luxembourg City. It is not only attached to the Grand Ducal Palace but also to a building on the other side of the street by a very modern-looking glass bridge (sorry, it's not very visible in my photo).
It's typical for Luxembourg City that whenever something new needs to be built or a building needs to be expanded, they try to incorporate modern elements.
6. Gëlle Fra Memorial
This golden lady on Constitution Square was placed there for the first time in 1923 to commemorate the Luxembourgers who died in World War I. In 1940, she was taken down by the Nazis and it took until 1984 to get her fully restored and back in her spot. She now symbolizes the freedom for and the resistance by the Luxembourgish people.
Sights like the Gëlle Fra Memorial, the statue of William II, and the Bock casemates I'll mention next, are all good examples of free things to do in Luxembourg City. Sure, you can go shopping and you'll spend some money on food as well, but a weekend in Luxembourg City doesn't need to be expensive at all.
7. The Bock casemates
The Bock Rock was acquired by Siegfried, Count of the Ardennes, in 963 from the Saint-Maximin Abbey in Trier. Today, you can find an archeological crypt and the Bock casemates inside this rock. The first casemates were constructed by the Spaniards in the 17th century as an underground defense system and later enlarged by the French. But they were also used in the World Wars by the Luxembourgers who came here to hide from the bombs.
Together with the historical Old Town of Luxembourg City and the Pétrusse casemates, the Bock casemates are UNESCO World Heritage.
8. Chemin de la Corniche
The Chemin de la Corniche (“Road of the Corniche” or in this case, the walls of the corniche in Luxembourg) offers some of Luxembourg City's best viewpoints. It runs on the old ramparts, built by the Spanish and the French at the same time they constructed the casemates, from the Bock Rock to the Holy Ghost Citadel. The path follows the Alzette Valley and is car-free.
It's worth walking it twice: once during the day, to get clear views, and once at night, to see the lights of the city. There's a reason why the Chemin de la Corniche is called “the most beautiful balcony of Europe”! For me, walking it was one of the top things to do in Luxembourg City.
9. Birthplace of Luxembourg
You can find this sign on your way to the entrance of the casemates. While it's cool to stand in the spot where Luxembourg City originated, it's better to look around you as the view there is amazing.
10. Statue of the Grand Duchess Charlotte
Grand Duchess Charlotte ruled Luxembourg from 1919 until 1964 and was very popular doing so. She gained part of her popularity by working hard to rebuild the country after World War II. She helped grow tourism and it's also thanks to her that several Europen Institutions based themselves in Luxembourg. During her reign, Luxemburg became the country with the best living standard in Europe.
Charlotte's statue on Place Clairefontaine is one of the free places to visit in Luxembourg. If you're interested, you can learn more about her in this short biography.
11. Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin
What struck me about the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin, also known as the Nôtre Dame Cathedral, is that it's not an alone-standing building. One entrance is located in a very normal-looking street, right in between other houses. The main entrance is located on a small square, but even on that side, the cathedral is attached to another building.
In the crypt of the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin lie the remains of the deceased members of the Grand Ducal family. It's one of the most important places of worship in Luxembourg.
12. Mudam – Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean
This modern art museum displays changing exhibitions featuring paintings, installations, photography, sculptures and more. It lies a short walk out of the historic center and is worth going to when yu visit Luxembourg City.
The building is a design by the Sino-American architect Leoh Ming Pei and is shaped in such a way that it “fits” the walls of the old Fort Thüngen. The Mudam looks at trends within all modern art disciplines both nationally and internationally. It's a place of reflection, but you can just as well relax there after you visit (at the Mudam Cafe) or shop for souvenirs (at the Mudam Boutique).
What to do in Luxembourg city: event calendar
If you're looking for things to do in Luxembourg this weekend, or the next, or on any other specific date, have a look at Luxembourg What's On. It's the official event calendar and lets you filter on events and fun activities in Luxembourg city or for other regions in the country.
And that's it for now! I hope this post will help you plan your own weekend in Luxembourg city. I'll make sure to update this article if I go back and find more cool things to do in Luxembourg city.
Practical information on Luxembourg City
How to get to Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City has an airport located only a 10-minute drive away from the city center. if you want to make it easy on yourself, consider booking a transfer that will take you straight from the airport to your hotel so you don't need to lug your luggage on public transportation.
Welcome Pickups is great for booking airport transfers. Their site is super userfriendly and you can cancel up to 24 hours beforehand if needed.
For a good overview of flights and prices, look here.
At the edge of the city center, there's also the train station. I traveled to Luxembourg by train, as there are direct trains from Brussels and from Liège in Belgium. Lastly, you can of course also drive there. you won't need your car in Luxembourg City, but it might come in handy if you decide to explore the rest of the country.
Click here for train options and prices.
How to get around Luxembourg City
The center of Luxembourg city can easily be done on foot, but if you're a fan of hop-on/hop-off buses, there's that option too.
Where to stay in Luxembourg city
On my trips to Luxembourg city, I've stayed in two different hotels.