Olomouc has a significant historical heritage dating back to ancient times. It was once an important Moravian settlement and later became an essential center of the Holy Roman Empire. Throughout its history, it has served as an influential religious, cultural and political hub in the region. Its historical significance is reflected in its well-preserved architecture, including churches, palaces and fortifications.
Transportation in Olomouc is convenient and well-connected. It has a public transportation system consisting of trams and buses, making it easy for residents and visitors to navigate the city. Additionally, Olomouc is well-connected to other major cities in the Czech Republic through road and rail networks, making it accessible to travelers exploring the region.
Listed below are the things to do in Olomouc.
- St. Wenceslas Cathedral (Katedrála sv. Václava). St. Wenceslas Cathedral is a historic cathedral and architectural landmark in Olomouc, Czech Republic. It features Romanesque, Gothic and Neo-Gothic architectural styles across its long history since 1131. The cathedral has the tallest church tower in Moravia at 100.65 meters tall. Highlights include guided tours, the crypt, the organ and a shrine to St. Jan Sarkander. Visitors to the cathedral can marvel at its architectural grandeur, explore its rich history and participate in guided tours.
- Holy Trinity Column. The Holy Trinity Column is a Baroque monument built in 1716 and 1754, located in Olomouc's Upper Square. It celebrates Catholicism and the end of a historic plague. The column features intricate statues and carvings and is a UNESCO site noted for its symbolic and artistic value. Visitors to the Holy Trinity Column can admire its architectural and artistic beauty, learn about its history and explore the surrounding Upper Square in Olomouc.
- Olomouc Zoo. Olomouc Zoo houses over 400 species in various themed pavilions across its forested 42.5-hectare area. It focuses on the conservation and breeding of endangered species. The Zoo breeds over three hundred species and participates in the rescue of a number of species involved in the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP). Highlights include safari experiences, educational programs, special events and a diversity of animals. Visitors to the Olomouc Zoo can enjoy viewing a wide range of animals, participating in guided tours and attending special events.
- Olomouc Town Hall. Olomouc Town Hall is an important Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architectural landmark in the city center. It houses the city government and features a 15th-century astronomical clock with intricate decorations and figurines. The Olomouc City Hall, which dominates the Upper Square, has been the symbol of the economic and political importance of this former royal capital city of Moravia for six centuries. The Olomouc Town Hall features an astronomical clock, a unique and intricate timepiece that is a major attraction for visitors.
- Kopecek Church and Monastery. The Baroque Kopecek Church and Monastery features historic architecture and design, including the iconic Holy Stairs. It offers opportunities for worship, exploration and concerts. Pope John Paul II visited the basilica minor church in 1995. Visitors to the St. Kopecek Church and Monastery can explore the historical architecture, participate in worship and attend church concerts.
- Olomouc Astronomical Clock. The Olomouc Astronomical Clock adorns the Town Hall with a combination of architectural styles and political influences across its long history since the 15th century. It features intricate details, mosaic backgrounds and unique socialist realist figurines. Visitors can admire the clock's intricate mosaic background. The clock springs to life with music and moving figures representing proletariat professions in a nod to its communist history.
- Arion's Fountain. Arion's Fountain is a bronze sculpture scene from Greek myth located in Upper Square. It depicts the poet Arion and a dolphin. Visitors can admire the statues, make wishes, splash in the pool and enjoy street performers in the lively square. Visitors can bathe in the fountain pool, which makes Olomouc the only city in the Czech Republic with a public swimming pool on the Market Square.
- Olomouc Archdiocese Museum. The Olomouc Archdiocese Museum is housed in the historic Olomouc Castle. The museum showcases 1000+ years of spiritual culture and art from the Olomouc Archdiocese, with over 300 works spanning the 11th to 18th centuries. Visitors can explore the museum's permanent exhibitions, admire the architecture and artworks and participate in guided tours.
1. St. Wenceslas Cathedral (Katedrála sv. Václava)
St. Wenceslas Cathedral (Katedrála svatého Václava) is a historic cathedral located at Wenceslas Square in Olomouc, Czech Republic. The cathedral is named after Saint Wenceslas, a revered saint in the Czech Republic and the square was named after him on the thousandth anniversary of his death. The cathedral is an architectural marvel featuring three towers. The front two form the facade, while the third one stands at a height of 100.65 meters, making it the tallest church tower in Moravia and the second tallest in the Czech Republic. The cathedral began in the Romanesque style and was consecrated in 1131. It underwent extensive Gothic modifications in the 13th and 14th centuries and further changes were made from 1883 to 1892, including refacing the building, rebuilding the west front and constructing the central tower.
Visitors to the cathedral can marvel at its architectural grandeur, explore its rich history and participate in guided tours. The cathedral's organ is one of the finest instruments of the Romantic period in the Czech Republic and the cathedral also houses a shrine with the relics of St. Jan Sarkander, canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1995. Guided tours are available from July to August and the cathedral's crypt is open to visitors from Tuesday to Sunday. The cathedral is suitable for all types of visitors, including families, history enthusiasts and architecture lovers.
2. Holy Trinity Column
The Holy Trinity Column is a Baroque monument located in the Upper Square of Olomouc, Czech Republic. It was built between 1716 and 1754 to celebrate the Catholic Church and to express gratitude for the end of the plague that struck the city. It has a high symbolic value as it represents the religious devotion and the sense of pride of the inhabitants of this city. The Holy Trinity Column is an exceptional example of this type of commemorative column, characteristic of Central Europe in the Baroque period. The column is the largest group of Baroque statues in a single monument in Central Europe and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Holy Trinity Column features a unique combination of Baroque architecture and sculpture and its historical and religious significance. The monument has numerous statues of saints, angels and the Holy Trinity, all intricately carved and adorned. Visitors to the Holy Trinity Column can admire its architectural and artistic beauty, learn about its history and explore the surrounding Upper Square in Olomouc. The monument is suitable for all types of visitors, including families, history enthusiasts and art lovers. There is no admission cost to view the Holy Trinity Column, as it is an outdoor monument in a public square.
3. Olomouc Zoo
The Olomouc Zoo, officially known as Zoologická Zahrada Olomouc, is at Darwinova 29, 779 00 Olomouc. The Olomouc Zoological Garden is located on The Holy Hill (Svatý Kopeček) in a mixed forest on an area of 42.5 hectares. The Zoo breeds over three hundred species and participates in the rescue of a number of species involved in the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP).
Olomouc Zoo features a diverse collection of animals and is committed to conservation. The zoo has a variety of pavilions and exhibits, including the African Pavilion, the South American Pavilion, the Giant Aviary, the Bat Pavilion and the Monkey and Pygmy Hippo Pavilion, among others. The zoo offers a safari experience, providing visitors with an immersive wildlife experience. Visitors to the Olomouc Zoo can enjoy viewing a wide range of animals, participating in guided tours and attending special events. The zoo offers educational programs and activities, making it a great destination for families and school groups. The zoo is open all year round, with varying opening hours depending on the season. It offers a unique opportunity to explore the world of wildlife, housing over 400 species of animals The zoo is suitable for all ages, from children to seniors. Admission costs vary depending on the season and the age of the visitor.
4. Tour Olomouc Town Hall
Olomouc Town Hall is located in the center of Olomouc. The town hall is an important historical and architectural landmark, featuring a blend of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque styles. The building has undergone several modifications and expansions over the centuries, reflecting the city's rich history. The Olomouc City Hall, which dominates the Upper Square, has been the symbol of the economic and political importance of this former royal capital city of Moravia for six centuries. It still serves as the seat of the city government.
The Olomouc Town Hall features an astronomical clock, a unique and intricate timepiece that is a major attraction for visitors. The clock was originally built in the 15th century and was reconstructed in the 20th century with a Socialist Realist theme, showcasing workers and farmers instead of saints and religious figures. Visitors to the town hall can admire its architectural beauty, learn about its history and observe the astronomical clock.The town hall is suitable for all types of visitors, including families, history enthusiasts and architecture lovers.
5. Kopecek Church and Monastery
The St. Kopecek Church and Monastery is a significant historical and religious site located on St. Kopecek's Hill in Olomouc, Czech Republic. The church and monastery were built in the 17th and early 18th century in the Baroque style. The site is known for its ‘Holy stairs' that lead towards an alley of old trees, serving as a reminder of the 28 stairs in Pilatus's Jerusalem palace, which Jesus had to climb before his sentence to death.
The church was honored by a visit from John Paul II in 1995 and in the same year, the Church of the Visitation of Our Lady was given the title “basilica minor”. The church's unique orientation, with its main axis not directed from east to west but rotated with its front to the “mother convent” Hradisko, is another notable feature. Visitors to the St. Kopecek Church and Monastery can explore the historical architecture, participate in worship and attend church concerts. The site is suitable for all types of visitors, including families, history enthusiasts and those interested in religious sites. The search results do not provide specific information on the admission cost, so it's recommended to check the official website or contact the site directly for the most accurate information. The St. Kopecek Church and Monastery is located near several other attractions, including the Olomouc Zoo and an iron lookout tower, offering a view of Olomouc and part of the Haná region.
6. Olomouc Astronomical Clock
The Olomouc Astronomical Clock is located on the northern facade of the Olomouc Town Hall in Horní náměstí (Upper Square), Olomouc, Czech Republic. The clock has a long and storied history dating back to the 15th century. The clock has a unique combination of architectural styles and political influences. Originally built in the medieval era featuring religious and royal figures, it was almost destroyed at the end of World War II. When rebuilt in the communist era of the 1950s, it took on a socialist realist style, replacing religious figures with depictions of workers, athletes and scientists.
Visitors can admire the clock's intricate mosaic background, which covers the entire 14-meter height of the arched alcove. The clock springs to life with music and moving figurines representing proletariat professions in a nod to its communist history. The clock is suitable for visitors of all ages and interests, families, history buffs, architecture enthusiasts and those looking for an unusual sight. The Olomouc Astronomical Clock is freely accessible to the public and does not require an admission fee to view. Visitors can observe the clock and its decorations up close at any time of day, with the best views of the figurines' procession at noon when the chimes ring out.
7. Visit Arion's Fountain
Arion's Fountain is located at the Upper Square (Horní náměstí) in Olomouc's old town. The fountain was constructed in 2002 as part of a reconstruction project for the main square. It draws inspiration from an ancient Greek myth about the poet Arion, who was rescued at sea by a dolphin attracted by his singing. The fountain features bronze sculptures depicting the scene. the semi-mythical Greek poet Arion in the company of a dolphin, the allegorical obelisk set on the shell of a large turtle and the figures of two children standing on smaller turtles.
Visitors to the fountain can admire the sculptures up close, take photos, make wishes, splash around the pool and enjoy the lively atmosphere of musicians and artists who frequently perform in the Upper Square. Visitors can bathe in the fountain pool, which makes Olomouc the only city in the Czech Republic with a public swimming pool on the Market Square. Visitors of all ages can appreciate the detailed bronze work and the fountain's incorporation of the beloved dolphin and turtle motifs. There is no admission cost required to see and interact with Arion's Fountain in Olomouc.
8. Olomouc Archdiocese Museum
The Olomouc Archdiocese Museum is located at Václavské náměstí 3, 771 11 Olomouc. It is housed in the historic buildings of the former Olomouc Castle on Wenceslas Square. The museum has a rich history dating back over 1000 years. Archdiocese Museum is the only museum of its kind in the Czech Republic focused on showcasing the spiritual culture and art of the Olomouc Archdiocese. Its collections contain over 300 artistic gems spanning from the 11th to 18th centuries, including paintings, sculptures, goldsmith works and textiles. Some highlights include an extravagantly decorated 18th-century bishop's carriage, the treasure room in the castle's former lookout tower, Gothic and Renaissance paintings and the original preserved Romanesque windows from the 12th-century bishop's palace.
Visitors can explore the museum's permanent exhibitions, admire the architecture and artworks and participate in guided tours from April to September. There are audio guides available and the displays have information in Czech and English. The museum is suitable for visitors of all ages and interests, from families to history and art aficionados. The museum offers free entry every Wednesday and Sunday.
9. Pevnost poznání (Science Museum)
Pevnost poznání is an interactive science museum at 17. listopadu 7, Olomouc, Czechia, inside the historic Korunní pevnůstka complex. The museum was built in the 1850s as an artillery warehouse for the Olomouc fortress and was restored and opened as a science museum in 2015. Pevnost poznání features four main exhibitions spanning topics like physics, astronomy, biology and local history.
Pevnost poznání features a blend of science education and historic preservation. Many exhibits incorporate 19th-century architecture, like using the original wooden ramps between floors for physics demonstrations. Visitors can explore over 100 hands-on exhibits, including puzzles and logic games, a giant model of the human brain, experiments in an on-site chemistry lab and Olomouc's only digital planetarium. Costumed guides provide interactive lessons for school groups and families with activities tailored to different age levels. Pevnost poznání offers an inspiring environment for visitors of all backgrounds to experience science. The science museum is open Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 5 pm and Saturday to Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm, with seasonal Monday hours during summer.
10. Bezručovy sady
Bezručovy sady is a historic public park located beneath the medieval fortifications in Olomouc, Czech Republic. The 11-hectare park stretches along the right bank of the Mlýnský Potok, a branch of the Morava River, between Slovenská Street and Francouzská Street. Its scenic location incorporates rocky cliffs, city walls and streams that create a peaceful natural sanctuary in the heart of Olomouc's city center.
Bezručovy sady features a blend of nature, architecture and culture all in one place. Visitors can explore the Jihoslovanské mauzoleum, a 1926 tomb for WWI soldiers, the 1947 statue honoring Czech poet Petr Bezruč. The park contains Olomouc's Botanical Gardens, featuring rose gardens, rock gardens and gardens representing nations from around the world. Bezručovy sady offers relaxation and recreation for visitors of all ages and interests. Admission to simply walk through and enjoy the scenery of Bezručovy Sady Park is free and open to the public. Some attractions within the park, like the greenhouses and seasonal flower shows, charge nominal entry fees.
11. Church of St. Maurice
The Church of St. Maurice is in the historic city center of Olomouc on Dolní náměstí (Lower Square) next to the Town Hall. The church was rebuilt and expanded in the Baroque style during the 17th and 18th centuries. The Church of St. Maurice has a decorated interior featuring ornate altars, paintings, frescoes and one of the largest church organs in Central Europe. The church highlights its main altar, which is dedicated to St. Maurice and St. Catherine.
Visitors can admire the Baroque architecture and abundant religious artwork, attend an organ concert on the grand 1754 organ, hear the resonant church bells and climb the tower for panoramic city views. Visitors can explore the church on their own during open hours, join a guided tour to learn more details or attend a concert performance in the evenings. The Church of St. Maurice offers a glimpse into Olomouc's past as it continues to serve the spiritual needs of the local community today. The church provides free admission. Church of St. Maurice appeals to visitors of all ages and backgrounds interested in Czech history, architecture, music and culture.
12. Olomouc Street Art
Olomouc has become known for its vibrant street art scene centered around the annual Street Art Festival held each September in the historic city center of Olomouc, Czech Republic. Launched in 2007, the festival was founded by local artist Pauser as an informal gathering of graffiti artists and has grown into an international event showcasing murals, exhibitions, lectures and urban interventions by top Czech and foreign street artists.
What makes Olomouc's street art special is both its quality and quantity. The festival has brought stars like Mr. Dheo, Pasta Oner and Wild Drawing to create large-scale murals on buildings across the city, while many other surfaces host works by local talents. Styles range from photo-realistic portraits to surreal characters to abstract shapes in a colorful array. Olomouc offers self-guided walks to view its open-air gallery and guided street art tours run by the festival organizers. The tours cater to all audiences interested in learning about the stories behind Olomouc's ever-evolving canvas of urban art. There is no cost to view and enjoy the city's plentiful street art. Olomouc serves as a model for how street art can invigorate and connect communities.
13. Theresian Gate
The Theresian Gate at Palachovo náměstí in Olomouc was built between 1752 to 1753. The gate is part of the former Olomouc fortress system designed by architect Pierre Bechade de Rochepine for Empress Maria Theresa. The brick gate stands alone today after adjoining walls were demolished, modeled after a Roman triumphal arch. Theresian Gate is uniquely preserved as the only remaining gate from Olomouc's old fortifications still standing in its original place.
Visitors can walk through the historic gate as part of a self-guided tour of Olomouc's UNESCO-recognized city center. The structure also houses a small historical exhibition about the gate's construction and purpose. Visitors can view the gate up close and take photos of its imposing facade, detailed stonework and inscription plaques. The gate stands as a testament to Olomouc's rich past and a popular backdrop for events like the annual St. Martin's Wine Festival on the adjoining square. The Theresian Gate appeals to visitors of all ages interested in local history, architecture and urban design. The place does not charge any admission fees but accepts donations to help preserve this unique 18th-century landmark at the heart of the city.
14. Bouzov Castle and Javoricko Caves Hiking
Bouzov Castle is located near the town of Bouzov in Olomouc Region, northwest of Olomouc. The Javoricko Caves are outside the village of Javoříčko, near the Bouzov Castle, in the same Litovelské Pomoraví protected landscape area. The Bouzov Castle and Javoricko Caves hiking tour starts from the city of Olomouc and takes visitors to landmarks located in the Czech countryside northwest of Olomouc.
The Bouzov Castle and Javoricko Caves Hiking tour offers visitors a full-day excursion exploring two historic landmarks located in the Litovelské Pomoraví region of the Czech Republic. Visitors will be picked up from their accommodation in Olomouc and driven to the town of Litovel. The first stop is the Javoricko Caves, one of the most beautiful cave systems in the Czech Republic, featuring an array of unique stalactites and stalagmites formed over thousands of years. The guided tour lasts around an hour. Hikers embark on a 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) walk through forested trails to Bouzov Castle, a fairytale Gothic and Renaissance castle built in the 13th and 14th centuries. Visitors can tour the interior and admire the well-preserved architecture. The return hike follows forest paths and the banks of the Morava River back to Olomouc. The tour offers a full day of activity in natural surroundings while exploring two historic landmarks integral to Czech culture and folklore. The tour is best suited for families, couples and groups interested in hiking, history and experiencing the natural beauty and cultural heritage of the Czech countryside. The price for the hiking tour is €149 ($160, £127) per person.
15. The Chapel of St. John Sarkander
The Chapel of St. John Sarkander is located in Olomouc, Czech Republic, at Mahlerova 19 in the city center. This chapel is the site of Olomouc's city prison. It is where the Catholic priest Jan Sarkander was interrogated and tortured to death in 1620 after refusing to break the seal of confession. The two-story chapel features a circular opening in the floor, allowing light into the basement, which contains a replica of the medieval torture rack used on Sarkander.
Visitors can explore the ornate chapel interior, view the basement torture exhibit and view the statue of St. John Sarkander. Sarkander was sainted in 1995 and attracted Catholic pilgrims to the chapel. Visitors can light candles, sit quietly, take photographs and learn more on information panels. Guided tours are available for groups by appointment. The site appeals to visitors of all backgrounds interested in Czech history, architecture and Christian heritage. The Chapel of St. John Sarkander offers free admission and is open to the public. Donations are welcome to support the preservation of this 17th-century landmark commemorating Olomouc's native martyr saint.
16. Svatý Kopeček (“Holy Hill”)
Svatý Kopeček, known as Holy Hill, is located outside the city of Olomouc in Czech. The hill is 300 meters above sea level and it has been a site of pilgrimage and religious devotion since at least the early 17th century. Svatý Kopeček features the Way of the Cross that leads to the top of the hill, lined with 15 brick chapels representing the Stations of the Cross. The chapels contain altars, benches and religious artwork for contemplation during the ascent. The summit of the hill lies the Chapel of St. Sebastian, an early 17th-century Baroque church, along with a bell tower and the Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre.
Visitors to Svatý Kopeček can hike the Way of the Cross, tour the historic chapels and church, admire countryside views from the top and explore the nature trails winding through the surrounding landscape. The hill and surrounding 36 hectares were declared a protected nature reserve in 1946. Svatý Kopeček appeals to visitors of all ages and backgrounds, from pilgrims to hikers to tourists. Walking the Way of the Cross and exploring the Baroque church complex at the top of Svatý Kopeček is free and open to visitors year-round. Guided tours and entry to the on-site museum do require paid admission.
17. Minor Basilica of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary
The Minor Basilica of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary is located on Svatý Kopeček (Holy Hill) near the city of Olomouc in the Czech Republic. The Baroque pilgrimage church was built between 1669 and 1679 on the site of a chapel that was constructed in the 1620s after an Olomouc merchant named Jan Andrýsek had a vision of the Virgin Mary there.
The church has a distinctive two-tower façade and adjoining side wings with statues of the twelve apostles and two saints. The interior features a massive dome over a single nave flanked by side chapels. Numerous painters, sculptors and plasterers contributed to the ornate Baroque interior decoration featuring frescoes, stucco work and sculptures. Pope John Paul II visited and designated the church as a minor basilica, placing it under direct papal patronage.
Visitors to the Basilica can take guided tours to access areas usually closed to the public, such as the choir area overlooking the nave or the walkways inside the church's dome. The basilica complex also includes cloisters, a museum with religious artifacts and a path styled after the Holy Stairs in Jerusalem. The beautiful architecture and artwork make this a popular destination for pilgrimages, worship services and religious concerts. The basilica and surrounding holy site welcome visitors of all ages and faiths to experience the history and grandeur of this Baroque church. There is no cost to enter the basilica, but donations are accepted. Guided tours can be booked for a small fee.
18. Archbishop's Palace
The Archbishop's Palace is in the historic city center of Olomouc at Wurmova 9, built between 1664 to 1669. This Baroque palace has served as the official residence of Olomouc's archbishops for over 300 years. The Archbishop's Palace features a well-preserved interior with ornate decoration in styles ranging from Rococo to Neo-Baroque. The palace is considered an important example of Baroque secular architecture in the Czech lands.
The two-story Archbishop's Palace features richly decorated rooms on the upper level, linked to important historical events and figures. The interiors display a range of artistic styles spanning the 17th to early 20th centuries, including Rococo, Empire and Neo-Baroque elements. Among the standouts are the Knights' Hall, which has a coffered ceiling, portraits of prince-bishops and archbishops and the Baroque Chapel of St. John the Baptist. The palace also houses space for temporary exhibitions. Visitors can tour the Baroque staterooms and chapel, admire the architectural details and view the works of art, such as ceiling frescoes, paintings, sculptures and stucco decoration. The Archbishop's Palace appeals primarily to adult visitors interested in Czech history, Baroque art and architecture. The palace interiors and exhibits also provide insight into the lives of past archbishops. Entry to the Archbishop's Palace is by guided tour only. Tours last 45 minutes and are available in Czech, English and German. Tours must be booked in advance online or at the Olomouc tourist information.
19. Church of Saint Michael
The Church of Saint Michael is located in Olomouc, Czech Republic. It is a Baroque church with three distinctive domes that dominates the city's skyline. The church was built between 1673 and 1686 on the site of an earlier 13th-century Gothic church devoted to Saint Michael the Archangel. The interior features ornate Baroque decoration, including sculptures, paintings and stucco work. The single-nave church has shallow side chapels and three domes symbolizing the Holy Trinity. A monumental high altar depicts Saint Michael defeating Satan. Other highlights are the wooden ceiling from 1730, the Baroque pulpit and organ case.
The church complex includes a Gothic bell tower, cloisters, the Saint Alexius Chapel and a small museum with religious artifacts. The church underwent restoration in the Neo-Baroque style. Its important role as a Catholic pilgrimage church was recognized when Pope John Paul II conferred minor basilica status on it in 1995. Visitors can tour the beautiful Baroque interior, view the paintings, sculptures and stucco work and attend services, concerts or other events hosted at the basilica. Guided tours allow access to areas normally closed to the public. The basilica welcomes visitors of all ages and faiths interested in experiencing its history, architecture and artworks. There is no admission fee to enter the Church of Saint Michael. Donations are accepted to support the preservation of the basilica.
20. Hradisko Monastery
The Hradisko Monastery is located in the northern part of Olomouc, Czech. It was originally established as a Benedictine monastery in 1078 and taken over by Premonstratensian monks in the mid-12th century. The monastery complex has been devastated, rebuilt and expanded numerous times. The present-day Baroque buildings were constructed between 1661 and 1737 according to plans by architects Giovanni Pietro Tencalla and Filiberto Lucchese.
The imposing monastery occupies over a hectare of land. Its architecture represents one of the most valuable preserved works of Central European Baroque. The almost square floor plan has four wings surrounding a central courtyard, corner towers and a moat. The northern part is in the Italian Mannerist style, while the southern Prelature building is High Baroque with lavish exterior sculptural decoration. The interiors feature frescoed ceilings, stucco ornamentation, sculptures and paintings, much of it reconstructed in a 1990s restoration. The monastery housed the Olomouc Military Hospital. Parts of the complex are open for guided tours on certain weekends, allowing public access to this national cultural monument. Concerts and other cultural events also periodically take place in its spectacular Baroque spaces. Visitors can tour parts of the Baroque monastery on guided tours on scheduled weekends. The tours allow you to view the architecture and decorated interiors not normally accessible. The monastery also hosts occasional concerts and cultural events open to the public. The guided tours and events at Hradisko Monastery appeal to adults interested in Czech history, Baroque architecture and decorative arts. The spectacular interiors also make it an impressive venue for classical music concerts. Guided tours of the Hradisko Monastery have an admission fee. Special weekend cultural events may also have ticket prices. General admission to walk the grounds around the monastery complex is free.
What are the best museums to visit in Olomouc?
Listed below are the best museums to visit in Olomouc.
- Olomouc Archdiocese Museum. The Olomouc Archdiocese Museum is housed in the historic Olomouc Castle. The museum showcases 1000+ years of spiritual culture and art from the Olomouc Archdiocese, with over 300 works spanning the 11th to 18th centuries. Visitors can explore the museum's permanent exhibitions, admire the architecture and artworks and participate in guided tours.
- Pevnost poznání (Science Museum). Pevnost poznání is an interactive science museum at 17. listopadu 7, Olomouc, Czechia, inside the historic Korunní pevnůstka complex. The museum was built in the 1850s as an artillery warehouse for the Olomouc fortress and was restored and opened as a science museum in 2015. Pevnost poznání features four main exhibitions spanning topics like physics, astronomy, biology and local history.
- Olomouc Museum of Natural History. The Olomouc Museum of Natural History is right on Republic Square in the city center of Olomouc. The museum offers hands-on interactive dioramas and displays. It creatively showcases diverse topics in natural history, like evolution, paleontology, zoology, botany and mineralogy. Both children and adults who have an interest in science and natural history will enjoy exploring the captivating exhibits. The innovative experiences make the Olomouc Museum of Natural History a top museum choice when visiting Olomouc.
What are the best things to do in Olomouc with kids?
Listed below are the best things to do in Olomouc with kids.
- Olomouc Zoo. Olomouc Zoo in Olomouc, Czech, has a wide variety of animals from around the world that kids will enjoy seeing, including elephants, giraffes, lions, tigers and monkeys. Kids and toddlers can walk along paths winding through naturalistic enclosures to view the animals up close. There is also a children's zoo area where families with kids can pet and feed some domesticated animals like goats, pigs and ponies.
- Pevnost poznání (Science Museum). Pevnost poznání in Olomouc is an interactive science museum with hands-on exhibits demonstrating scientific principles in physics, astronomy, biology and geology. Some highlights include a planetarium with space shows, an aquarium room and a chemistry lab where kids can conduct experiments. There are also special programs and workshops designed specifically for children and families.
- Arion Fountain. Arion Fountain allows kids to bathe in the fountain pool, which makes Olomouc the only city in the Czech Republic with a public swimming pool on Market Square. Visitors such as kids, toddlers and their families can admire the statues, make wishes, splash in the pool and enjoy street performers in the lively square. Visitors can bathe in the fountain pool, which makes Olomouc the only city in the Czech Republic with a public swimming pool on the Market Square.
What are the best activities for a business traveler in Olomouc?
Listed below are the best activities for a business traveler in Olomouc.
- Clarion Congress Hotel Olomouc. The Clarion Congress Hotel Olomouc is conveniently located right next to the main train station at Jeremenkova 36, 779 00 Olomouc. This modern business hotel has meeting rooms equipped with audiovisual technology that are available to rent by the hour or day. Business travelers can conduct meetings, conferences or presentations with ease. There is also a well-equipped business center onsite to support remote working needs.
- Impact Hub Olomouc. Impact Hub Olomouc offers flexible, professional environments for remote corporate employees in Olomouc. Impact Hub provides hot desk rentals, private offices, meeting rooms, printing and wifi access and more. Freelancers, entrepreneurs or employees working remotely can be productive here.
- Olomouc Archdiocesan Museum. Olomouc Archdiocesan Museum grounds provide a unique setting for corporate group activities. Team-building events like archery tournaments or medieval-themed feasts could engage colleagues. The museum also houses centuries of Olomouc history to explore.
- Olomouc Museum of Art (Muzeum umění Olomouc). Business travelers looking for cultural engagement might arrange a private corporate tour at Olomouc Museum of Art in Olomouc. This art museum houses an impressive collection of Gothic art and Baroque sculptures that could inspire colleagues. Private guided tours for groups can be booked in advance. The museum also has a café onsite suitable for more informal business meetings.
Where is Olomouc?
Olomouc has a long and interesting history and its precise etymology remains somewhat uncertain. One prevailing theory suggests that the name Olomouc could have originated from the personal name Olmút, signifying “Olmút's” castle or court. Another theory proposes that it may have been derived from the Proto-Slavic words “ol”, meaning ‘beer' and “mútit” meaning ‘to make noise'. One fascinating legend connects the city to Roman times, suggesting that Julius Caesar's legionnaires established a fort here known as Iuliomontium or Julimons, which supposedly gave rise to the name Olomouc. While traces of a Roman camp have been discovered, the Julius Caesar connection is more a product of Renaissance-era storytelling.
Geographically, Olomouc is situated approximately 61 kilometers (38 miles) northeast of Brno and 200 kilometers (120 miles) southeast of Prague. The city primarily occupies a flat and fertile terrain in the Upper Morava Valley, with an eastern section extending into the Nízký Jeseník range, featuring the city's highest point at 444 meters (1,457 feet) above sea level. The Morava River and its tributary, the Mlýnský Stream, flows through Olomouc, while the Bystřice River converges with the Morava in the city center. Additionally, Olomouc's natural surroundings include the Litovelské Pomoraví Protected Landscape Area, located to the north and Chomoutovské Lake in the northern part of the municipal territory, known for its significance as a habitat for migratory birds and gull colonies.
What is the history of Olomouc?
Olomouc first gained importance during the Middle Ages. During the 6th century, Slavic tribes settled in the region, with a power center emerging in Povel by the 7th century. This early prominence was disrupted when Slavic rulers in the area were defeated by Great Moravian leaders, destroying the Olomouc-Povel settlement. However, Olomouc regained its stature and later became Moravia's capital. This position was solidified in the 13th century, making it a pivotal trade and political hub. Despite its significance, the city faced adversities such as Swedish occupation during the Thirty Years' War, which resulted in losing its top position in Moravia to Brno.
The modern era saw Olomouc undergo vast socio-political changes. It was briefly occupied by the Prussians in 1740. The city played a significant role in European diplomacy, hosting the 1848 abdication of Emperor Ferdinand and the Punctation of Olmütz conference in 1850. The 19th century marked Olomouc's integration into the Austro-Hungarian Empire and it experienced cultural shifts with the German-speaking population becoming predominant. Anti-Semitic sentiment was also evident, as evidenced by the city's expulsion of its Jewish population in the mid-15th century, although this was later reversed in 1848. However, during World War II, the city's synagogue was destroyed under German occupation and its Jewish population faced persecution and deportation.
After World War II, the city's landscape underwent significant changes. Olomouc was returned to Czechoslovakia under a communist regime backed by the Soviet Union. This period saw restoration efforts, such as rebuilding the city's astronomical clock, which the retreating German army had damaged. Post-war tensions also led to the expulsion of the city's ethnic Germans. Today, Olomouc stands as a testament to its resilience and rich history, boasting the third-largest urban monument reservation in the Czech Republic, following only Prague.
What language is spoken in Olomouc?
The primary language spoken in Olomouc is Czech. Czech is the official language of the Czech Republic and it is used for communication in various aspects of daily life, including education, government and media. In Olomouc, as in other parts of the country, residents commonly use Czech for their daily interactions and visitors will find that knowledge of the Czech language is essential for effective communication.
Additionally, due to its location in the Czech Republic, Olomouc is not typically considered a bilingual or multilingual city. While some residents may have knowledge of other languages, especially English and German, as secondary languages, these are not as widely spoken or used in day-to-day affairs as Czech. Therefore, tourists and visitors are encouraged to have at least a basic understanding of Czech or carry translation tools when exploring Olomouc to facilitate their interactions with locals.
What timezone is Olomouc on?
Olomouc is located in the Central European Time Zone (CET), which is UTC+1 (Coordinated Universal Time plus one hour). This means that Olomouc is one hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) when standard time is in effect. However, it's important to note that Olomouc, like many other places in Central Europe, observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).
During Daylight Saving Time, Olomouc shifts to Central European Summer Time (CEST), which is UTC+2. This occurs typically from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October when the clocks are set one hour forward. When CEST is in effect, Olomouc is two hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+2). Travelers and residents in Olomouc should know these time changes to ensure they have the correct local time.
How many people live in Olomouc?
Olomouc has a total population of approximately 237,291 residents. This population is divided into 115,846 males and 121,445 females. The age distribution consists of 38,845 individuals aged 0-14 years, 150,871 individuals aged 15-64 years and 47,575 individuals aged 65 and over. In terms of ethnic composition, the majority of the population identifies as Czechs, with 140,034 individuals, followed by Moravians, Slovaks, Ukrainians and other ethnic groups, with respective populations of 31,687, 3,013, 768 and 6,655.
What are the neighborhoods of Olomouc?
Listed below are some of the neighborhoods of Olomouc.
- Svatý Kopeček. Svatý Kopeček is a district of Olomouc located to the northeast of the city center. It is known for its pilgrimage site, the Basilica of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary, which is a significant religious and cultural landmark in the area.
- Nový Svět. Nový Svět, meaning “New World” in English, is a residential neighborhood in Olomouc. While it may not have specific notable landmarks, it offers a quiet and suburban living environment for its residents.
- Černovír. Černovír is a district in the southern part of Olomouc. It is home to the Svatý Kopeček Forest Park, providing residents with green spaces and recreational opportunities.
- Povel. Povel is an area in Olomouc with historical significance as it was once a center of political power in the early Middle Ages. It's now part of the city and features historical sites and neighborhoods.
- Bělidla. Bělidla is another residential area in Olomouc, offering housing options for the city's residents.
- Řepčín. Řepčín is a district known for its natural beauty and proximity to the Olomouc Zoo, making it a potentially attractive area for families and nature lovers.
What is the most interesting facts about Czechia and Olomouc?
Find below the most interesting facts about Czechia and Olomouc.
- Currency. Olomouc uses the Czech Koruna (CZK) as its official currency. This currency is unique to Czechia and has a rich history, with the country having its distinct banknotes and coins. Even though Czechia is a member of the European Union, it hasn't adopted the Euro. Tourists need to ensure they have the local currency or a method to exchange or withdraw it while visiting. Many places accept credit cards, but having some cash is advisable, especially in smaller establishments.
- Timezone. Olomouc falls under the Central European Time (CET) zone during standard time. It adopts Central European Summer Time (CEST) during daylight saving. This means that Olomouc aligns its time with many other European countries, facilitating synchronized business and travel schedules. Adjustments for daylight saving are typical; clocks move forward an hour in the spring and backward in the fall. Being aware of this time zone is crucial for travelers to plan their arrivals, departures and activities.
- Language. The primary language spoken in Olomouc is Czech. Czech is a Slavic language and is quite distinct from its neighboring languages, though there are some similarities with Slovak. While Czech is the dominant language, due to tourism and business, English and other languages are spoken, especially in establishments catering to tourists. Learning a few basic Czech phrases can enhance the travel experience and is often appreciated by locals. However, signs in tourist areas and many services are available in multiple languages for convenience.
- Power Plugs. Olomouc uses Type E power plugs and sockets. The standard voltage is 230 V and the standard frequency is 50 Hz. Travelers from countries with different plug types will need an adapter to use their electronic devices. It's crucial to ensure that any electronics brought to Olomouc can support the 230 V voltage to prevent damage. Most modern chargers for phones, laptops and cameras are designed for a range of voltages, but it's always best to check before plugging them in.
What is Olomouc famous for?
Olomouc is famous for its rich historical heritage and architectural landmarks. The city's most popular attraction is its UNESCO-listed Holy Trinity Column, which is an example of Baroque architecture built in the early 18th century. Olomouc is also known for its stunning St. Wenceslas Cathedral, which features impressive Gothic and Romanesque elements. Furthermore, the city is famous for its astronomical clock, showcasing a unique procession of proletarians instead of saints, reflecting the historical and political changes of the time.
Olomouc is also celebrated for its healthy student life, as it is home to Palacký University, one of the country's oldest higher education institutions. Its lively atmosphere, with numerous cafes, bars and cultural events, has earned it a reputation as a youthful and dynamic place. Additionally, Olomouc is famous for its cuisine, offering traditional Czech cuisine and local specialties, making it a delightful destination for food lovers.
What to do in Olomouc in a day?
Listed below are the best things to do in Olomouc in a day.
- Breakfast. Start the day at one of the local cafés in the city center, indulging in traditional Czech pastries like “koláče” and sipping on freshly brewed coffee.
- Morning. Head to the impressive Holy Trinity Column and then explore the St. Wenceslas’ Cathedral, which combines Gothic and Romanesque architecture and climb its tower for panoramic views.
- Lunch. Enjoy traditional Czech cuisine at a local tavern; dishes like “svíčková” (marinated beef) or “guláš” (goulash) are hearty and flavorful, perfect for refueling.
- Afternoon. Visit the Olomouc Town Hall, marvel at its historical architecture and catch the hourly show at the Astronomical Clock. Then, take a leisurely stroll in the city's parks or along its quaint streets, taking in the local atmosphere.
- Snacks. Grab “trdelník”, which is a sweet pastry, from a street vendor and perhaps try a local Czech beer at a nearby pub.
- Evening. Conclude the day with a dinner at a cozy restaurant and go for dishes like “pečená kachna” (roast duck) and enjoy the lovely night of the city, perhaps catching a cultural performance or simply strolling along the lit-up historic sites.
How many days to spend in Olomouc?
Olomouc can be comfortably explored for a duration of two days. Given its compact size, its main attractions, including the Holy Trinity Column, St. Wenceslas’ Cathedral, Olomouc Town Hall and the Astronomical Clock, can be visited within this timeframe. This allows visitors to witness the highlights, immerse themselves in the local culture, savor traditional Czech cuisine and perhaps even catch a cultural performance or event. Two days in Olomouc also allows visitors to dive deeper into the local scene. Beyond the primary attractions, they can explore lesser-known gems, take leisurely strolls through the city's parks and even venture into neighborhoods like Svatý Kopeček and Černovír. This duration offers a balance between structured sightseeing and spontaneous discovery, enabling travelers to experience the city's historical and contemporary aspects.
What to eat in Olomouc?
In Olomouc, one must-try dish is “Olomoucké tvarůžky”, which are small, savory and creamy cheese rounds unique to the region. These tvarůžky are often breaded and fried, served with a side of bread and they offer a distinctive, tangy flavor that is an acquired taste but a must-experience local specialty. Another classic Czech dish is “Svíčková”, featuring marinated beef sirloin with a creamy sauce, cranberry compote and bread dumplings. This flavorful dish showcases the Czech love for hearty meat-based meals and combines sweet and savory elements. Visitors to Olomouc can also enjoy traditional Czech soups, like “bramboračka” (potato soup) or “česnečka” (garlic soup), both hearty and comforting choices. To satisfy the sweet tooth, “trdelník”, a rolled pastry coated in sugar and cinnamon, is a popular street food snack.
What are the top restaurants to eat and drink in Olomouc?
Listed below are the top restaurants to eat and drink in Olomouc.
- Moravská restaurace. Known for its authentic Czech cuisine, tMoravská restaurace offers traditional dishes like “guláš” (goulash) and “knedlíky” (dumplings). Diners often praise its cozy atmosphere and regional Moravian wines.
- Drapal Restaurant. Established in 1919, Drapal is one of Olomouc's oldest eateries. It's known for its Czech meals, including the much-loved “svíčková” (marinated beef with creamy sauce) and delicious homemade pastries.
- Svatováclavský pivovar. Svatováclavský pivovar, this microbrewery and restaurant is celebrated for its freshly brewed beers and a menu comprising Czech classics like “vepřo-knedlo-zelo” (roast pork with dumplings and sauerkraut). The lively vibes make it a favorite among locals and visitors.
- Cafe New One. Ideal for coffee lovers and those looking for lighter fare, Cafe New One offers a mix of modern dishes, delicious desserts and a broad selection of coffees and teas. Its contemporary setting is perfect for brunch or afternoon breaks.
- U Červeného volka. Specializing in steak and grill, U Červeného volka promises quality meats prepared to perfection. With a warm, rustic environment, guests often opt for the steak platter with a selection of local Moravian wines.
Where to stay in Olomouc? (neighborhoods)
Listed below are the best neighborhoods to stay in Olomouc.
- Holice. A peaceful residential area, Holice provides a relaxing retreat from the city's crowded center. With local parks and green spaces, it's ideal for those seeking relaxation while still within easy reach of main attractions.
- Lazce. Lazce features a mix of historic charm and modern conveniences. Its close proximity to the city center and an array of local eateries make it a favored spot for visitors.
- Nová Ulice. Located near the heart of Olomouc, Nová Ulice offers a lively urban experience. Its streets are lined with shops, cafes and cultural sites, making it perfect for tourists exploring on foot.
- Povel. A historic part of the city, Povel is steeped in Olomouc's rich past. Its ancient buildings and landmarks provide a deep dive into the city's history, making it a must-stay for history lovers.
- Černovír. Offering a blend of urban and natural landscapes, Černovír is located near the Morava River. The scenic river views and easy access to nature trails and city amenities make it a balanced choice for travelers.
- Klášterní Hradisko. Known for its monastic heritage, Klášterní Hradisko offers a unique blend of spiritual relaxation and architectural beauty. It's a perfect escape for those looking to experience a quieter side of Olomouc while still being connected to the main attractions.
What are the best hotels in Olomouc?
Listed below are the best hotels in Olomouc.
- Nezvalova Archa. Nezvalova Archa, this cozy hotel, offers comfortable rooms with modern amenities. Its central location makes it convenient for exploring Olomouc's attractions. Guests appreciate the friendly staff and complimentary breakfast.
- Comfort Hotel Olomouc Centre. Situated in the city center, Comfort Hotel Olomouc Centre provides well-appointed rooms and excellent access to local landmarks. travelers often praise its cleanliness and convenient parking facilities.
- NH Collection Olomouc Congress. With stylish and spacious rooms, NH Collection Olomouc Congress caters to both business and leisure travelers. It features a fitness center, on-site dining options and easy access to the Olomouc Exhibition Center.
- Clarion Congress Hotel Olomouc. Clarion Congress Hotel Olomouc is a modern hotel with extensive conference facilities that are suitable for business travelers. It features comfortable rooms, a restaurant and a wellness area, ensuring a pleasant stay.
- Hotel Arigone. Located in a historic building, Hotel Arigone offers charm and elegance. Guests enjoy the unique atmosphere, helpful staff and the on-site restaurant, which serves Czech and international cuisine.
- Miss Sophie's. Miss Sophie's is a boutique hotel that combines contemporary design with a historic setting. It's known for its stylish rooms, exceptional customer service and charming courtyard for relaxation.
What is the transportation like in Olomouc?
Olomouc, as a mid-sized city, has a well-developed and efficient public transportation system, primarily managed by trams and buses. While the city doesn't have a metro system, its trams serve as the backbone of urban mobility, connecting key neighborhoods, attractions and commercial areas with frequent and timely service. Buses further expand the reach of public transportation, especially to areas not served by tram lines. Both trams and buses operate regularly and their routes are conveniently mapped for locals and tourists.
For those looking for more flexibility or wishing to explore areas outside the city, car rentals are a popular option. Numerous car rental agencies operate in Olomouc, offering a variety of vehicles to suit different needs. Taxis are also readily available, providing a quicker, although slightly more expensive, mode of transportation. They can be hailed on the streets, called through dedicated taxi services or booked via smartphone apps.
The “Olomouc Card” is a beneficial tool for visitors. This card offers free unlimited travel on city public transport and free admission or discounts to many of Olomouc's attractions, including museums, galleries and other sites of interest. Additionally, cardholders can avail of guided city tours at discounted rates. Purchasing the Olomouc Card is a cost-effective way for tourists to explore the city and its cultural offerings. It is recommended for those planning to spend several days in the area.
How to get from Olomouc airport to the city?
Olomouc does not have an airport with commercial passenger flights. Its nearest major airport is Brno-Tuřany Airport (Brno Airport), located about 80 kilometers (50 miles) southwest of Olomouc. The most economical way to get from Brno Airport to Olomouc is by bus. There are direct bus services that connect the airport to Olomouc. The journey typically takes 1.5 to 2 hours, depending on traffic conditions. Bus schedules may vary, so checking in advance for the most up-to-date information is advisable. Taxis are also readily available at Brno Airport, offering a convenient and comfortable option for traveling to Olomouc. The journey by taxi usually takes around 1.5 hours, but traffic can affect travel times. Confirm the fare with the taxi driver before starting the journey. travelers who prefer independence and flexibility can rent a car at Brno Airport. Several car rental agencies operate at the airport and visitors can choose from various vehicles to suit their needs. The drive from Brno Airport to Olomouc takes approximately 1.5 to 2 hours, depending on the chosen route and traffic conditions. It's essential to plan transportation in advance and consider factors such as flight arrival times and personal preferences when deciding which mode of transport to use for the journey to Olomouc.
How to get from Olomouc to Prague?
Traveling from Olomouc to Prague is straightforward, with various transportation options available. Multiple bus companies operate services between Olomouc and Prague. These buses usually depart from the main Olomouc bus station and arrive at Prague's central bus station, Florenc. The bus journey takes approximately 2.5 to 3 hours. travelers should check their schedule and consider making reservations, especially during peak travel times, to ensure they get a seat. While a taxi is more costly, it offers convenience, especially for those traveling in groups or with luggage. A taxi ride from Olomouc to Prague takes around 2.5 hours, depending on traffic. Negotiating the fare with the taxi driver beforehand or ensuring the taxi meter is running to avoid unexpected charges is essential. Alternatively, travelers can book a taxi or private transfer service in advance through various service providers. For those who prefer the flexibility of traveling at their own pace, renting a car is a great option. Car rental agencies are available in Olomouc, where travelers can hire a suitable vehicle. The drive from Olomouc to Prague is about 280 kilometers (174 miles) and takes roughly 2.5 hours via the D1 motorway. travelers should be aware of tolls on Czech highways and familiarise themselves with local driving regulations and conditions before setting out.
How to get from Olomouc to Vienna?
Traveling from Olomouc to Vienna is relatively simple due to the efficient transportation networks connecting the two cities. Several bus companies operate routes between Olomouc and Vienna. Buses usually leave from the main bus station in Olomouc and arrive at Vienna's central bus station, Erdberg. The bus journey takes approximately 4 to 5 hours. For a smoother trip, travelers should check their schedules and book their tickets in advance, especially during high travel seasons. Opting for a taxi is more expensive but can provide convenience and directness. The drive from Olomouc to Vienna by taxi typically takes around 3 to 3.5 hours, depending on the traffic conditions. Before commencing the journey, it's important for travelers to either agree on a fixed fare or ensure the taxi meter is operational to prevent any unexpected costs. Another option is to arrange a private transfer through various service providers, which can be booked in advance for a set price. Renting a car offers the most flexibility, allowing travelers to move at their own pace and explore other sights along the way. Car rental services are available in Olomouc, offering a range of vehicles to fit different needs. The distance from Olomouc to Vienna is approximately 260 kilometers (162 miles) and the journey via the D1 and A5 motorways usually takes about 3 to 3.5 hours. travelers should be mindful of tolls on both Czech and Austrian highways and be well-acquainted with the driving regulations of both countries before starting their trip.
Are Christmas markets crowded in Olomouc?
Yes, Christmas markets in Olomouc can be crowded, especially during the holiday season. The reason for this is the popularity of these markets among both locals and tourists. Olomouc's Christmas markets offer a festive atmosphere, featuring beautifully decorated stalls selling traditional Czech holiday treats, handmade crafts and gifts. Visitors are drawn to the markets to enjoy the enchanting ambiance, taste seasonal specialties and shop for unique souvenirs. As a result, the markets tend to get crowded, particularly during weekends and closer to Christmas Eve, when many people gather to celebrate and enjoy the holiday spirit.
What are the best Christmas markets in Czechia?
Listed below are the best Christmas markets in Czechia.
- Prague Christmas Markets. The Christmas markets in Prague are among the most famous in Europe. The Old Town Square and Wenceslas Square host enchanting markets with beautifully decorated stalls offering Czech crafts, festive treats and mulled wine. The backdrop of historic architecture and the towering Christmas tree creates a magical atmosphere.
- Brno Christmas Markets. Brno's Christmas markets, located in the city center, are known for their lively and festive feel. The markets feature a wide array of stalls offering handmade gifts, traditional Czech food and local wines. Visitors can enjoy cultural performances and the city's Christmas tree, filled with lights, is a stunning sight.
- Český Krumlov Christmas Markets. The town of Český Krumlov hosts Christmas markets in its medieval setting. The markets in the town square offer unique handicrafts, delicious pastries and hot drinks, where the medieval backdrop and the Vltava River add to the enchanting experience.
- Olomouc Christmas Markets. Olomouc's Christmas markets are celebrated for their historic significance. The Upper Square transforms into a festive wonderland with illuminated decorations and a nativity scene. Stalls offers local specialties, gingerbread and handmade gifts. The markets often feature a live nativity play, adding to the traditional Czech Christmas experience.
What are the best music festivals in Czechia?
Listed below are the best music festivals in Czechia.
- Rock for People. Rock for People is one of the country's largest rock music festivals, drawing top rock and alternative acts worldwide. Its reputation is built on high-energy performances and a passionate crowd. Its camping experience and lively atmosphere make it a top choice for rock lovers.
- United Islands of Prague. This festival takes place in the heart of Prague, on the Vltava River's islands. It showcases an eclectic mix of music genres, including rock, indie, electronic and hip-hop. Its unique location, with stages along the riverbanks, offers stunning city views and creates a vibrant and accessible urban festival atmosphere.
- Pohoda Festival. Although located across the border in Slovakia, the Pohoda Festival is a favorite for many Czech music lovers. It's celebrated for its diverse lineup, combining music, arts and cultural activities. Its welcoming and relaxed atmosphere and its airport venue set it apart as a must-visit event.
What is the weather like in Olomouc?
Olomouc experiences a temperate oceanic climate with continental influences, which is why the city sees a mix of warm summers and chilly winters. Summers are usually mild, with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 25°C, but they can occasionally see hotter days. Rainfall is consistent throughout the year, though spring and early summer can bring the heaviest downpours. Winters, on the other hand, are cold, with temperatures often dipping below freezing point and snowfall is a common occurrence. On rainy days in Olomouc, visitors have various indoor options. The Archdiocesan Museum is a prime destination, showcasing religious artifacts and art from the region. The Olomouc Art Museum also offers a vast visual arts collection, making it a perfect spot for art lovers. Touring the city's historic churches, such as Saint Wenceslas Cathedral, provides architectural and spiritual experiences. Another option is to relax in one of Olomouc's cozy cafes, savoring a cup of coffee or tea and perhaps taking in traditional Czech pastries.
Is Czechia worth visiting?
Yes, Czechia is worth visiting. It has a rich historical and cultural heritage, well-preserved medieval towns, stunning castles and beautiful architecture, including the famous Charles Bridge in Prague. It is known for its delicious cuisine, hearty dishes like goulash, schnitzel and world-famous beer. Czechia also offers natural landscapes, including the Bohemian Paradise, its unique rock formations and the scenic Moravian wine regions.
Is Olomouc expensive to visit?
No, Olomouc is an affordable city to visit. The cost of living in Olomouc is relatively lower compared to many Western European cities. Basic goods such as milk, cigarettes, water and breakfast are reasonably priced, making it budget-friendly for travelers. The cost of traveling within the city, including public transportation and taxis, is also affordable, allowing visitors to explore without breaking the bank. As for beer, a pint in Olomouc is often inexpensive, as Czechia is known for its excellent and affordable beer.
Is Olomouc safe?
Yes, Olomouc is a safe city for travelers. Violent crime is rare in Olomouc and the city is known for its relatively low crime rates compared to larger European cities. Tourists can comfortably explore the city and enjoy its attractions without significant safety concerns.
Is Olomouc easy to visit with kids?
Yes, Olomouc is a family-friendly destination with several attractions suitable for kids. Families can explore historical sites like the Holy Trinity Column and St. Wenceslas' Cathedral, which blend culture and history. Parks like Smetana Gardens provide open spaces for children to play and relax. The Astronomical Clock is also an interesting stop that can capture kids' imagination. Olomouc's manageable size and pedestrian-friendly layout make it convenient for families to get around. However, it's essential to check the opening hours and accessibility of specific attractions when planning a visit with kids.
What are the most famous people of Czechia abroad?
Listed below are the most famous people in Czechia abroad.
- Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (1850-1937). Masaryk is known as Czechoslovakia's founder and first President. He played a vital role in establishing the independent nation after World War I and is highly regarded for his leadership and democratic principles.
- Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). Born in what is now the Czech Republic, Freud is popular as the father of psychoanalysis. His revolutionary ideas on the human psyche, dreams and the subconscious have profoundly impacted psychology and modern thought.
- Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939). A significant figure in the Art Nouveau movement, Mucha is recognized for his distinct style, which features ornate designs and female portraits. His posters, advertisements and illustrations have left an enduring mark on graphic design.
- Franz Kafka (1883-1924). Born in Prague, Kafka is one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. His works, such as “The Metamorphosis” and “The Trial”, delve into themes of alienation, existential anxiety and the complexities of the human condition.
Where to go shopping in Olomouc?
There are several great places to go shopping in Olomouc. These are Galerie Šantovka, Olympia Olomouc, Galerie Moritz, Masné Krámy, Sokolská Street and Denisova Street. Firstly, Galerie Šantovka is a modern shopping mall located near the city center with over 200 shops, restaurants, cafes, a movie theater and more. Popular for shopping and hanging out. Secondly,
Olympia Olomouc is a large shopping mall on the outskirts of the city designed like a traditional mill complex with shops on the ground floor. It has 65 stores and a big Tesco supermarket open until midnight. Thirdly, Galerie Moritz is a shopping center located right in the heart of Olomouc's city center. The shopping center has supermarkets, drug stores, pharmacies and other everyday needs. Fourthly, Masné Krámy is a passage with shops, bars and restaurants located on the Lower Square. Recommended for a fun night out shopping, drinking and socializing, especially with students. Fifthly, Sokolská Street is known for its small local shops selling retro items, antiques, vintage clothes and hidden gems. Good for discovering “hidden shopping gems”, as the travel guides describe. Lastly, Denisova Street is a main shopping street in Olomouc, lined with stores, boutiques, malls and more right in the city center. Galerie Šantovka, Olympia and Galerie Moritz are the main shopping malls, while Masné Krámy, Sokolská Street and Denisova Street offer good local shopping, cafes and nightlife.
What festivals or events are taking place in Olomouc?
Listed below are the festivals or events taking place in Olomouc.
- Olomouc Baroque Festiva. The Olomouc Baroque Festival is an annual 6-week celebration of Baroque music and culture featuring concerts, dance, theater and more in Baroque settings across the city. The festival takes place each July-August, with main concerts happening in the Ancient Stone Quarry of Koyunbaba and other events at the Gümüşlük Festival Centre and Aktur ‘Zefirya Cultural Centre'. It showcases local and international Baroque artists and ensembles and attracts thousands of attendees.
- Flora Olomouc. Flora Olomouc is Olomouc's annual international flower and gardening exhibition, running for over 40 years, in June at the Exhibition Centre Flora Olomouc venue. It displays stunning floral designs, innovative garden concepts and beautiful landscapes for the public to explore and attracts tens of thousands of visitors each year.
- International Organ Festival Olomouc. The International Organ Festival Olomouc is an annual 2-week festival held each September featuring organ concerts on Olomouc's historic organ, one of the largest in the Czech Republic, located at St. Maurice's Church. Renowned artists perform to hundreds to thousands of attendees throughout the festival.
- Dvořák’s Olomouc International Music Festival. Dvořák’s Olomouc International Music Festival is Olomouc's annual multi-week classical music festival started over 60 years ago, usually happening in late spring, showcasing eminent musicians and ensembles at venues across the city. It has attracted renowned artists and thousands of music lovers over its long-running history. It is one of the anticipated festivals in Olomouc.
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